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Diagnosis and Evaluation

Infertility assessment:

Infertility assessment will search for all relevant causes of infertility and Diagnosis and Evaluation. A reproductive specialist will perform a series of tests in order to diagnose and treat female infertility:

  1. Discussion of medical records and sexual history

  2. Ovulation check – this is done by TVS where growth and development of follicles are assessed.

  3. Uterus – done by USG to see the uterine cavity, endometrial thickness and if any pathology Present

Hormonal assay

  • Estradiol

  • Progesterone

  • AMH

  • FSH

  • LH

  • Testosterone

  • TSH

  • Insulin levels



  • Hysteroscopy

  • Laparoscopy

Male Infertility Treatment

We offer comprehensive andrology services through our in-house Andrologists and andrology laboratory, including evaluation and treatment for male infertility, male sexual problems, and andropause.

Andrology Services

We recognize how important it is to address all aspects of Male Infertility Treatment, including those of the male. Our Andrology Lab is a full service lab staffed with highly skilled and trained technicians who specialize in male infertility. We assure you complete privacy and confidentiality.


What is Andrology?

Andrology is the medical specialty that studies the male reproductive system, including male fertility and infertility.

At Santaan, we recognize how important it is to address all aspects of infertility, including those of the male. Our Andrology Laboratory is a full service laboratory staffed with highly skilled and trained technicians who specialize in male infertility. We have separate rooms for semen collection. We assure you complete privacy and confidentiality.


Facilities include:

  • Semen analysis

  • Sperm function tests – DNA fragmentation

  • Clinical evaluation and medical treatment for male infertility

  • Doppler ultrasound evaluation for varicocele

  • Treatment of anejaculation by vibrator or electro-ejaculator

  • Surgical sperm retrieval by PESA/TESA/TESE/microdissection TESE



Semen analysis is the most important test for assessing male fertility(Male Infertility Treatment). The count, motility (activity) and morphology (structure) of the sperm in the semen give valuable information on whether a man has impaired fertility. However, the semen test is very subjective and needs to be done by a well-trained person. At NOVA IVI Fertility, all semenologists are specialists in semen analysis. A semen sample should be given for testing after three days of sexual abstinence. The sample is best collected by masturbation in the laboratory, but if there is difficulty in collecting the sample then alternative methods are available.


Sperm DNA fragmentation test

This is a specialized sperm function test that assesses the quality of the genetic material in the sperm. In some men, the sperm count and motility seem adequate but the internal quality of the sperm may be deficient. This can be assessed by evaluating the sperm DNA. This test is prescribed in cases where there has been a failure of previous IVF cycles, recurrent abortions, unexplained infertility,Male Infertility Treatment or borderline semen parameters with uncertain quality.


Specialized Tests

We offer comprehensive male fertility testing(Male Infertility Treatment), sperm evaluation and processing IVF. This is facilitated by advanced microscopic and videographic equipment. Some of the specialized tests performed at the Fertility Center are listed below:

  • Sperm Morphology Classification

  • Sperm Viability Testing

  • Azoospermia Testing and Treatment


Surgical Sperm Retrieval

The main methods of surgical sperm retrieval available include:

  • PESA: percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration.

  • MESA: microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration.

  • TESA: testicular sperm aspiration. This includes testicular fine needle aspiration (TFNA).

  • TESE: testicular sperm extraction.

  • Microdissection TESE.

  • Perc biopsy: percutaneous biopsy of the testis.


Which method is used depends on the nature of the problem in the male partner, which needs to be explored carefully first.

Female Infertility Treatment

We offer comprehensive Female Infertility Treatment.


Endoscopy is a procedure where a thin, lighted tube (Endoscope) is inserted into the uterus to examine it for infections, diseases or any abnormalities. The two frequently carried out endoscopy procedures are Hysteroscopy and



Hysteroscopy is the inspection of the uterine cavity by endoscopy with access through the cervix. It allows for the diagnosis of intrauterine pathology and serves as a method for surgical intervention (operative hysteroscopy).



In gynecology, diagnostic laparoscopy may be used to inspect the outside of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes, for example in the diagnosis female infertility. Usually, there is one incision near the navel and a second near to the pubic hairline.

We also offer following treatments:

  • Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)

  • In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

  • Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

Specialized Counselling

Going through a fertility treatment can be a rather overwhelming experience. You will come to face a variety of emotions, from joy to excitement and grief to disappointment.( counselling for IVF). It could all be quite strenuous on your physical and mental health. So, to help you handle these emotions better, here at Santaan we offer you specialized counselling, who will help you through every emotion, be it of success or disappointment.


Santaan’s supportive counselling for IVF in Odisha could help with:

  • Preparing for fertility treatment, and making decisions about your treatment

  • Impact on relationships,

  • Coping with unsuccessful treatment cycles and/or pregnancy losses,

  • Coping with emotions around other people’s pregnancies, births and children,

  • Talking about how your family, friends and colleagues behave or react,

  • Specific concerns related to donor treatment cycles, or feelings of anxiety or loss of control. 


Our comprehensive and confidential counselling service is provided to all patients undergoing infertility treatment, including those considering IVF and past patients who’d like further support.

How can counselling help?

In counselling it is possible to talk through our feelings about our infertility and its treatment; its success or failure – as well as other things that are happening in our lives which are causing us stress and distress. Expressing painful feelings can often help to relieve the pain and we can feel less alone, less burdened.

It is not a weakness to talk about how bad we feel at times, to grieve openly for what we’ve lost. In fact, it is positive and healthy and can actually reduce our stress levels.

Counselling allows us to do this in a safe environment where you will never be judged or thought silly. And it is confidential. Counselling is a positive process, aimed at increasing your power and sense of control while you are going through a treatment program that can so often make you feel powerless and out of control. It can be a way of taking care of yourself while undergoing treatment at Santaan, and the medical team actively encourages couples to do this.

Couples who are infertile and who are coping with the trauma of treatment are dealing with loss – often more loss than many people have to deal with in a lifetime. The counselling process can help people to work through their grief, help them to mourn their loss and begin to find new ways forward.

Dietician and Nutrition Counselling

A good diet is a combination of balance and common sense. You should ensure you are eating at least five servings of fruit and vegetables per day and preferably 8-10 servings for vitamins, minerals, trace elements and antioxidants. Here is a list of food groups that you need to consider while planning your meal for the day:

  • Fruit

  • Vegetables

  • Proteins (chicken, oily fish & dried beans)

  • Grains (Bread, cereals, rice, pasta etc)

  • Dairy Foods which contain calcium (Milk, cheese & Yogurt)

An important point to remember is that anything in excess is bad for health. Measured and balanced portions are the key to a good diet. Dietician and Nutrition Counselling.


Foods to Avoid

There are always some food items that make maintaining overall wellness more difficult. You will want to limit your intake or simply avoid the following as you undergo fertility treatment:

  • Fast food

  • Junk food

  • Alcoholic beverages

  • Coffee and other caffeinated drinks

  • Soft drinks

  • Artificial sweeteners

Maintaining a good diet, Dietician and Nutrition Counselling is one of the foremost requirements for a successful fertility treatment. In addition to the above-mentioned food items, you should also include intake of vitamins like Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E etc., in your diet,

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