The fallopian tubes are two thin tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus. They play an important role in conception by allowing the sperm to travel to the egg and fertilize it. If the fallopian tubes are blocked, it can prevent pregnancy.
There are many reasons why fallopian tubes can become blocked. The most common causes include
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It can be caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. PID can damage the fallopian tubes and cause scarring, leading to blockage.
Endometriosis. Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus grows outside of the uterus. This tissue can build up in the fallopian tubes and cause blockage.
Ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterus. Most ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tubes. If the fallopian tube ruptures, it can cause severe internal bleeding and damage to the tube.
Fibroids. Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that can develop in the uterus. In some cases, fibroids can grow large enough to block the fallopian tubes.
Surgery. Surgery on the fallopian tubes, such as a tubal ligation, can increase the risk of blockage.
Injury. A fallopian tube can become blocked if a fall, car accident, or other trauma injures it.
Symptoms of Blocked Fallopian Tubes
Most women with blocked fallopian tubes do not have any symptoms. However, some women may experience:
Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvis
Pain during sex
Heavy or irregular menstrual periods
Bleeding between periods
Difficulty getting pregnant.
Treatment for Blocked Fallopian Tubes
The treatment for blocked fallopian tubes depends on the severity of the blockage and the woman's desire to get pregnant.
Medication. Medication may sometimes treat the underlying condition that caused the jam, such as PID or endometriosis.
Surgery. Surgery may be necessary to remove the blockage or repair the fallopian tube. The type of surgery will vary depending on the location and severity of the jam.
In vitro fertilization (IVF). IVF is a procedure in which eggs are fertilized by sperm outside of the body. This procedure can be used to bypass blocked fallopian tubes and achieve pregnancy.
Blocked fallopian tubes are a common cause of infertility. If you are having difficulty getting pregnant, talk to Santaan fertility experts today about the possibility of blocked fallopian tubes. At Santaan, best fertility clinic in Odisha there are treatments available that can help you achieve pregnancy.