Blog

Uterus problems can affect both primary and secondary fertility!

Uterus problems

Syndromes, disorders, or conditions affecting the uterus or any part of the female reproductive system are referred to as uterine issues. A few common uterine conditions are uterine endometriosis, fibroids, uterine prolapse, and uterine tuberculosis.

Signs and symptoms of Uterine Problems?

  • Pain in the uterine area
  • Abnormal or heavy bleeding
  • Irregular periods
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Pain in the lower abdomen, rectal area, or pelvis
  • Bad menstrual cramping
  • Increased urination 
  • Painful intercourse
  • Bleeding after sex
  • Prolonged periods
  • Swelling in abdominal 
  • Constipation; discomfort during a bowel movement
  • Often bladder infections       
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Fever

What Causes Uterine Problems?

  • Uterine Fibroids – The exact cause of uterine fibroids is unknown. However, some factors such as hormones, family history and pregnancy raise the chance of uterine fibroids.         
  • Endometriosis – It is typically caused by infections and conditions like STI (sexually transmitted infections), tuberculosis and infections from common vaginal bacteria.
  • Uterine prolapse – Ageing, lower levels of oestrogen, damaged pelvic muscles or tissues, obesity, chronic constipation, and chronic cough can raise the chances of uterine prolapse.
  • Uterine tuberculosis –  Sexual contact with an infected person

How are  Uterine Problems diagnosed?

To diagnose uterine issues, your physician will first study your medical history and family history in detail. A vaginal examination may be examined to check for any cause or abnormalities. You may also recommend some laboratory testing such as a PAP smear test to help identify the cause of the uterine problem. Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, sonograms or MRI may also be prescribed. 

How are Uterine Problems Treated?

Uterine problems may be treated using a combination of medication (including hormones), exercises and surgery such as hysterectomy, and myomectomy. For some conditions, ‘watchful waiting’ may be recommended. This means that no treatment is provided,  but you will have to visit your doctor regularly to keep track of your condition and track symptoms.